Klonopin (Clonazepam) is generally used to prevent, hinder, and control severe seizures. This medication is referred to as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug substance. It is also used to treat panic disorders (such as agoraphobia) as well as movement disorder like Akathisia. It usually works by calming the nerves and brain. This drug also belongs to a class of medications referred to as benzodiazepines.
Klonopin is available in the market with the brand name Clonazepam. The Food and Drug Administration approved it in June 1975. Klonopin is a potent and dominant habit-forming benzodiazepine. A person could be addicted to it in as little as a few weeks. Some of the people have become addicted to it even by the prescribed medication.
Klonopin hinders and blocks the neural receptors in the brain to reduce stress and agitation. If an individual becomes addicted to it, it becomes difficult for the brain to produce feelings of relaxation and calmness.
It makes it difficult and struggling for the person to quit and unable to perform correctly without it. There are some of the signs that Klonopin addiction incorporate:
• Tenacious and persistent craving for Klonopin
• Despite negative consequences, it is used by the addictive person
• A desire to quit remain active but not able to do it
• Loss of interest in the social and professional domain
• Suffer from financial and legal issues
If an individual is ready to be tolerant of this drug, there are more chances that he will be addicted to it. This is the reason some users start taking more than the prescribed medication. Usually, the person addicted to this drug try to quit, experience more withdrawal symptoms when he stops taking the medication. The withdrawal symptoms could range from intense anxiety to seizures. So it is advisable to leave this drug with the proper medical supervision.
How Klonopin Treats Panic Disorder
Klonopin influences the neurotransmitter in the brain, especially gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors, that is responsible for regulating the several functions, including excitement feelings, sleep, relaxation, and anxiety.
Klonopin affects the GABA receptors and in turn, slow down the central nervous system. The outcome is that it decreases the nervousness and agitation and helps in feeling calm and relaxed. This also helps in reducing the panic attacks and the severity of the anxiety.
Understanding the Functioning of the Klonopin
Klonopin is a fast-acting benzodiazepine, and it is available with the brand name Clonazepam. Klonopin is generally prescribed to ease mental withdrawal symptoms and anxiety from alcohol and other addictive substances. It could also be prescribed for short-term insomnia. This drug is available in the form of the tablet. It is usually swallowed as a blue tablet or could be taken as a quick-dissolve tablet just by placing on the tongue three times a day. The most often used slang term for Klonopin include k-pins, tranks, and downers.
This medication is recommended for long-term treatment because of its addictive potential and result oriented outcome. This drug has long half-life activation in the body. The approximate time of half-life is 19-60 hours.
Essential Things to Remember Before Taking Klonopin
It is advisable not to take this drug if an individual has experienced:
• Severe Kidney and Liver disease
• Narrow-angle glaucoma
• A history of allergic reactions to any medication or benzo
• Bronchitis, emphysema, Asthma, and other pulmonary disorder
• Porphyria (affecting the skin or nervous system)
• Suicidal thoughts or depression
• Mental illness, psychosis, or addiction to drugs or alcohol
Common Side-Effects of This Drug
The most frequent side-effect associated with it is sedation. It is reported in approximately half of the patients. Dizziness is reported in one-third of patients.
Some of the common side-effects are:
• Loss of orientation and unsteadiness
• Drowsiness, Dizziness, and light-headedness
• A headache and depression
• Lack of inhibition
• Sleep disturbance
• Fatigue, weakness
• Amnesia, confusion, irritation
• Rashes on the skin
Other severe but rare side-effects of this include:
• Blood disorders
• Increased heart rate
• Respiratory depression
• Enlarged liver
Antiepileptic medications are associated with an increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior. The patients should be carefully observed for clinical worsening and changes in behavior.
Common Drug Combination with Klonopin
To mask or amplify the drug effects, polydrug abusers use it commonly with other drugs. Cocaine and other stimulants are manipulated with Klonopin to counteract the sedative effects. To enhance the calming effects, alcohol is used with Klonopin, either for sleeping or get a better high. In combination with alcohol, it could slow down the central nervous system and could stop the breathing. Users take cocaine to stay awake. Cocaine diminishes faster than Klonopin, and the user may fatally overdose.
The continued use of Klonopin could make the person feel isolated and alone. So it is always advisable not to go without professional’s help and recovery experts to overcome the addiction or drug use disorders.