Alcohol addiction is a severe health hazard. Addiction to alcohol affects human psychology and the Central Nervous System. In cases of massive overdose, it may lead to the death of the individual. Excessive drinking can harm almost every part of the body. But not every person who drinks alcohol is risked to have these conditions. Consumption of more than three drinks per day for men and more than two for women of any beer or hard drinks is considered heavy drinking. Exceeding this level, one comes under heavy drinking. Some primary health hazards of regularly drinking alcohol are:
• Unable to control the urge to drink alcohol even under dangerous and harmful circumstances.
• Loss of appetite to keep the stomach empty for drinking.
• Drinking approximately more than three to four drinks per day
• Evident gain or loss of weight.
• Increased heartbeat.
• Remaining tipsy or hangover as the person is regularly drinking almost every day, and the alcohol remains
Other severe effects of alcohol on different organs of the body are listed below:
• Brain: Regular consumption of alcohol hinders the neurotransmitters in the brain. This makes the involuntary actions of the body slower as the brain fails to respond to the reflexes in time. A lot of accidents and mishaps occur this way. The person is unable to control his reflexes, emotions and actions.
• Heart: Due to excessive drinking of alcohol, the arteries around the heart or even other blood vessels are damaged, which results in cardiovascular diseases and may lead to death. Binge drinking can seriously damage the heart of a person. It leads to an irregular pace of the heartbeat. It also is a reason for the spontaneous rise or fall of the blood sugar level.
• Liver: Excessive drinking has the worst effect on the liver. Excessive drinking can make liver fat. Acute is the one that is in the beginning for a couple of months. But if the person continues the alcohol abuse when it comes to the chronic stage.
• Bodyweight: Alcoholics experience a lot of change in their body weight. Gain or loss of weight depends from person to person. Such people also have bloated face and stomach due to the accumulation of acids from alcohol in their body.
Medications for Alcoholics: Different kinds of treatments are available for various addictions. Inpatient and Outpatient Rehabs, Residential treatments and Recovery houses are available at the rehab options. They all offer different programs such as counselling and therapy sessions, recreational exercises, resocialization, detoxification programs, and meditations. Although many people decide to quit using medical ways and the most common among them is medication. Some of the medicines for anti-addiction of alcohol are below:
• Disulfiram was the first anti-alcohol pill against approved by FDA in the USA and then globally. This pill has a specific reaction in the body if taken with alcohol in the system or even if the juice is made after the medicine. The person experiences pain and seizures, so people don’t even think of drinking while on this pill.
• Acamprosate is suggested to alcoholics by professional doctors to control the desire to drink. This pill helps keep the drinking under control.
• Naltrexone. The purpose of this pill serves a similar concern as the previous one. This pill can be massive on the liver than the regular ones, so it is not suggested to people with liver-related medical complications and during pregnancies or other chronic diseases.
• Baclofen is prescribed to patients having severe withdrawal symptoms. It helps calm muscle spasms and also controls the craving of alcohol. This medicine is only for the withdrawal phase and not to other alcoholics as it can be cumbersome on the human system.