Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

If you have started taking therapy or likely to consider therapy for drug abuse, the best option is to go through cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is short-term but results from oriented psychotherapy treatment that goes through the approach of practical problem-solving. Its goal is to change the pattern of behavior or to think in an individual.

CBT treatment was initially developed to treat depression or anxiety, but the scope has been expanded to improve symptoms of other mental health illnesses and issues including:
• Addiction
• Anxiety
• Psychosis
• Trauma
It is also used to help treat a wide range of topics in an individual’s life from sleeping or relationship problems to drug and alcohol abuse or anxiety and depression. This therapy changes people’s attitudes and behavior by focusing on the images, thoughts, belief, and opinions. Cognitive-behavioral treatment is a mixture of psychotherapy and behavioral therapy. Psychotherapy emphasizes how we give importance to the personal meaning we place on things and thinking pattern of childhood. Behavioral treatment helps in paying close attention to our problems, behavior, and thoughts.This mental health therapy was invented by a psychiatrist named Aaron Beck in the 1960s.

Why Is It Done?

This therapy is used to treat a wide range of issues of mental illnesses. This is often preferred to help identify and cope with specific challenges quickly. This generally requires less number of sessions than any other therapy and always done in a structured way.

This is a valuable tool to address emotional challenges. For example:
• Help manage the symptoms of mental illness
• In the absence of medication, help to treat mental illness
• Prevent a relapse of mental illness symptoms
• To assist in coping with stressful life situations
• To identify the ways to manage emotions
• Help in resolving relationship conflicts and help in learning the better way to communicate
• Help to cope with grief and loss
• Help in overcoming emotional trauma related to abuse and violence
• Help manage chronic physical or mental symptoms

Some of the mental health disorders that could be improved with CBT include:
• Bipolar disorders
• Attention deficit disorders
• Sleep disorders
• Sexual disorders
• Obsessive-compulsive disorders
• Eating disorders
• Post-traumatic stress disorders
• Schizophrenia

How Does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Work?

According to the research, it is found that many harmful actions and emotions are not logical and rational enough. The important thing is that if an individual or an addicted person understand that why he feel or act in a certain way and how those actions or feelings could lead to substance abuse than he is better equipped to overcome the addiction or other mental disorders.

Cognitive-behavioral therapists help in recovering addicts to identify their automatic negative thoughts. This thought is based on the impulse, and it is generally created from misconception or misinterpretation and personalized feelings of self-doubt and dismay. Often, an individual try to self-medicate these painful thoughts and tenderness by consuming alcohol or abusing drugs.

Types of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

According to the research of the British Association of Behavioral and Cognitive psychotherapies, there is a range of therapies which is based on concepts and principles extracted from a psychological model of human emotions and behavior. The number of specific therapeutic approaches that are used by medical health professionals for CBT includes:

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: This type of CBT revolves around distinguishing and revamping irrational beliefs. This process involves identifying or distinguishing underlying irrational beliefs, to challenge these beliefs actively, and learning to recognize and changing those thought patterns.

Cognitive Therapy: This particular form of therapy is centered on identifying and altering the inaccurate or distorted thinking sequences, emotional responses, and behaviors. Multimodal Therapy: Through this therapy, psychological issues are treated by addressing seven interconnected modalities, which include behavior, affect, imagery, cognition, sensation, interpersonal factors, and biological considerations.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy: This type of therapy helps in addressing the thinking patterns and behaviors and also teaches some strategies for emotional prescription and mindfulness.
However, each type of therapy provides scope for its unique approach, each center on addressing a particular pattern that helps in contributing to psychological distress.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques:
Specific exercises are used in cognitive behavioral therapy to help in addiction recovery. Some of the examples used in the treatment include:

Thought Records: An individual in the way to recover from addiction examines the automatic negative thoughts and looks for evidence in supporting and disproving those thoughts. This goal helps them to think more balanced and less harsh thoughts by critically evaluating their thinking pattern. Behavioral Experiment: In these negative thoughts are contrasted against positive thoughts which help in changing the behavior more effectively. This experiment figures out the best for an individual.

Imagery Based Exposure: By this exercise, addicts think of a memory that helps in producing powerful negative feelings. Every reaction is noted about sight, emotion, thought, sound, and impulse at that time. This many painful memories revisit, helps an addicted person to reduce the anxiety caused over time. Pleasant Activity Schedule: In this exercise, a weekly list of healthy and fun activities are made, to break up the daily routine. During this process, positive emotions are encouraged. These pleasant activities help reduce negative automatic thoughts.

To overcome addiction and substance abuse need many people and resources. Many drug addiction treatments help an individual to get sober and help to avoid relapse. It is always advisable to consult mental health counselors who are available to teach the life skills to maintain recovery.

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