One of the alcohol abstinence aids belongs to the family of the medication named Acamprosate. It is one of the comprehensive alcohol addiction treatment programs that include counseling. This program helps the alcohol abuse or dependent person from taking the alcohol after he has stopped drinking. It influences alcohol dependence by restoring the balance of chemicals in the brain. In search of alcoholism treatments and chronic alcohol abuse, some of the viable medication options surfaced to reach and maintain recovery. One of these drugs is Campral; it comprises other behavioral therapy and support strategies, to help in alcoholism treatment.
Campral is generally a brand name of a drug called Acamprosate. It is used to help an individual to control the desire to stop drink alcohol. It is quite similar to a natural chemical in the brain called gamma-aminobutyric acid, or GABA. It regulates nervous system excitability. Acamprosate was developed in the starting of 1982 by a France company named Laboratoire Meram. It was approved for use in 1989 under the name, Total. It was not recommended in the U.S. until 2004. It was subsequently released in 2005 as a drug name Campral. To help maintain abstinence from alcohol, it was studied to be incorporated in Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s protocol named Treatment Improvement Protocol.
In 2005, the drug was approved for rehab facilities, clinics, and pharmacies in the United States. This medication is available in the form of the tablet and sold under the name Campral, and it is administered two to three times a day.
● Acamprosate for Alcohol Treatment
This is one of the three medications that has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of alcoholism. Along with the United States, it is even more prevalent in dozens of countries around the world.
This medication helps in reducing the pleasurable impacts of alcohol or produce deterring side effects of alcohol abuse. It reduces the brain’s dependence on alcohol. Acamprosate proceed with the neurotransmitter system in mind. The drug helps regulate and integrate brain activity while cessation of the drink is used. Some of the other benefits of Acamprosate incorporate, such as reducing insomnia, anxiety, and restlessness. It eases the pain of withdrawal and reduces alcohol’s dependency. Unlike other medications, this is dilapidated by the digestive tract instead of the liver. It is advantageous to those who are suffering from liver-related health concerns caused by lcoholism.
● Proper Use of Acamprosate
Acamprosate must be prescribed only after an individual has concluded alcohol use and gone through initial stages of detoxification. It is recommended that this medication should be used under the supervision or guidance of a physician. It is not advisable for pregnant women, or if a person suffers from kidney issues. To make the Acamprosate effective and result oriented, use it with other therapy and potentially other medications. Acamprosate is consumed orally three times a day. It could be consumed with or without food. Acamprosate is mostly prescribed for one year, but many users take it for a shorter or longer period.
● Side effects of Acamprosate
To take full results for the Acamprosate, it takes several days to a week. An individual can experience uncomfortable side effects during this period. Most of the side effects are mild and helps the more extended treatment continue.
There are several side effects, some of which are very serious, like:
● Digestive discomfort
● Loss of appetite
● Hypersensitivity to the drug
● Diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting
● Insomnia, headache, and anxiety
● Flatulence, itchiness, and dizziness
● Depression, suicidal thoughts
● Irregular heartbeat, Potential fatal risk
● Vision and hearing problems
● Reduced urination and severe renal impairment
● Muscle weakness
Benefits of Acamprosate
● It is absorbed through the digestive swathe instead of the liver. It improves the effectiveness and reduces the side effects of an individual with liver damage.
● As compared to other medication, it is susceptible to fewer or less severe or prevalent side effects.
● It has no interactions with other drug substances.
● It helps in actively reducing the craving for and dependency on alcohol. It reacted with the neurotransmitters in the brain, rather than mitigating the pleasurable impacts of alcohol use. Besides this, this medication does not create any adverse side effects of alcohol use.
Acamprosate has been proven very useful and constructive in the treatment of alcohol abuse disorders. Before Acamprosate is prescribed and recommended by the expert staff, an individual needs to have gone through initial stages of withdrawal and detoxification, in combination with other psychological or cognitive therapies, it is proved and helped maintain in recovery from alcohol addiction.