One of the most recognized, well-known, and commonly used recovery support is the 12-Step model. This program remains a widely prescribed or recommended and used treatment for various types of addiction. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) in its National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services from 2013, 12-Step models are commonly used, by an estimated 74 percent of treatment centers.
This idea was originated by Alcoholics Anonymous in 1938 when the founder Bill Wilson wrote about the ideas developed through experience for using alcohol and vision of alcoholism. The positive effects experienced during the people struggling with addiction are shared. This program was famous enough and gained enough success in the early years and worked for other addiction support groups to adept the steps according to their own needs. There are many 12-step treatment programs for various types of addictions and compulsive behaviors that range from cocaine anonymous to debtors anonymous, all preferring the same 12-Step models.
The 12-Step programs weigh happy on spirituality as nonreligious people find the program immensely helpful. The medium of communication or language used emphasizes the presence of the supreme power of God as each participant understands Him that allows the different interpretations and religious beliefs.
The 12-Steps provided by Alcoholics Anonymous
As we know, recovery is a lifelong process; there is no negative way to reach the 12-Steps as the participant tries to evaluate what helps and works best for his individual needs. Most of the participant evaluate that they need to revisit a few steps or even tackle more than one step at a time.
Here are the 12-steps Alcoholics Anonymous defines those:
1. We admitted that we were powerless for using alcohol that our lives had become uncontrolled and unmanageable.
2. Came to believe that a Supreme Power higher than us, could help restore us to sanity.
3. Decided to change our will and our lives terms over to the care of God as we understood Him.
4. Did a searching and fearless moral record of us.
5. Admit to God, to ourselves and other people the exact nature of our wrongdoings.
6. We’re utterly ready to have God remove all the weaknesses and defects of character.
7. Humbly asked Him to eliminate our shortcomings.
8. Made a list of people we had harmed and decided to become willing to make amends to them all.
9. Created direct amends to those people where feasible, except when to do so would harm them or others.
10. Continue to observe personal inventory, and when we were wrong or at fault, promptly admit it.
11. Investigated for church or prayer and meditation to improve our understanding relationship with God as we recognized Him, begging for the understanding of His will for us and the ability to carry that out.
12. Having had a spiritual conscience and awakening as the result of these steps, we should carry this message to alcoholics and practice those principles in all our affairs.
The 12 Traditions Defined
The 12 Traditions defined to the members of Alcoholics Anonymous as a group, not likely the steps, which are focused on the individual. These traditions are established and written in the Big Book, the primary literature of Alcoholics Anonymous. The 12 myths are adopted by most of the 12-step groups for their recovery plan.
Here are the 12 traditions:
• Our common welfare should be the priority; personal recovery from substance abuse depends upon Alcoholics Anonymous unity.
• For our group objective or purpose, there is but one ultimate authority a loving God as He may express Himself in our conscience. Our leaders are but most trusted servants; they do not govern for.
• The only condition for AA membership is a desire to stop drinking.
• Each group should be autonomous and independent except in matters affecting other groups or Alcoholics Anonymous as a whole.
• Each group has but one primary objective to carry its message to the alcoholic who still suffers from different situations.
• An anonymous group ought never to support, finance, or provide the Alcoholics Anonymous name to any related facility or outside the enterprise, lest least money problems, prestige divert us from our primary objective.
• Each AA group should be fully self-supporting, declining outside interference.
• Alcoholics Anonymous should be forever nonprofessional, but our service facilities employ individual workers.
• AA should never be organized, but we could create service boards or panels directly responsible to the serving people.
• AA has no advice or opinion on outside issues; hence, the AA name should never be drawn into the public conflict.
• The policy of government relations is based on attraction preferably of advertising; we should always have private anonymity at the press level or radio and films.
• Anonymity is referred to as a spiritual foundation for all traditions that remind us to place principles before our personalities.
The Working of Model
Because of the lack of formal research and anonymity of the program, it is hard to define how effective this 12-Step program is. The importance of this treatment and the success stories to recover suggest it is useful.
This 12-Step model provides encouragement, support, and accountability for people who want to remove or overcome their addiction. This model and regular meetings encourage the social support that has helped numerous people to stay clean.